Right from the early 2020s, the world has been afraid of suffering from the dreadful coronavirus disease. A virus tagged as COVID 19 is responsible for the outbreak of the pandemic. This has become a great threat to mankind but good news has come up. The 1st ever trial coronavirus vaccine has been injected in the US volunteer on 16th March 2020 in search of the worldwide hunt for cure over it.
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that are responsible for the cause of illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). But Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has a new genetic mutant strain which was discovered in 2019 in the Wuhan region of China and has not been previously identified in humans.
This virus has caused a feeling of frightening among people and has bounded them to do nothing but wait for the coronavirus vaccine to discover. they are compelled to remain at home. even the world market has faced a great loss.
Total coronavirus cases:
As per the stats of a website, “worldometer“, the total number of coronavirus affected cases is 189,761 all over the world. of which about 7,521 people are dead now, but the great news is that 80,885 are successfully recovered.
The coronavirus COVID-19 is affecting 163 countries and territories around the world and 1 international conveyance .94,841 are in mild conditions while 6,514 are critical. Most serious being china where total cases are 80881. Of this, a total of 68715 people have recovered but still, 8940 are active that are suffering from this dreadful disease.
Coronavirus disease can cause mild symptoms to severe illness that in most of the causes leads to death. the symptoms in the early period seem to be similar to other flu symptoms.
The effective period of the COVID 19 is in between 2 days to 14 days, this means the person does not show any symptom till that period. The symptoms of the coronavirus include:
- Shortness of breath
the emergency signal of the coronavirus disease suspicion are:
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- New confusion or inability to arouse
- Bluish lips or face
In case you have any of the above symptoms, it’s advisable to consult the doctor.
Preventive measures to be taken:
the best way to prevent the infection is to avoid getting exposed to the virus. This could be achieved by:
- wash your hands with soap and water properly for 20 sec.
- avoid touching your eyes and mouth with unwashed hands.
- use good quality sanitizers containing at least 60% of alcohol.
- avoid contact with affected persons and maintain a distance.
- try to avoid large gatherings if not necessary.
- cover your nose and mouth with the facemask.
- clean the daily use objects and disinfect them before use like mobile, laptops and other accessories.
After a lot of research, the US has come up with the development of a coronavirus vaccine. This vaccine is called mRNA-1273 that is an inactive form. The mRNA vaccine is intended to act against SARS-CoV-2 encoding for a prefusion stabilized form of the Spike (S) protein, that was selected by it in collaboration with investigators from the Vaccine Research Center (VRC), a part of NIH.
Coronavirus vaccine trial
the amazing news is that the 1st trial for the coronavirus vaccine has begun. The first dose has successfully injected in a US volunteer named JENNIFER HALLER, 43-year-old mother-of-two from Seattle. the vaccine would would be given in three doses. but the examination process shall take up to 14 months.
But, the tragic news is that the vaccine would be available to local use after 12 to 18 months after the ideal inspection of a total of 45 volunteers up to that period. Volunteers will receive two injections of the vaccine in the upper arm, with a 28-day gap between doses.
The first volunteer will be receiving the lowest dose of the vaccine, per injection 25 micrograms (mcg), as said by NIAID. The same initial dose will be given to the next three, and four more will each receive a 100-mcg dose of the vaccine. Before the second dose, each one will be properly examined. If participants’ reactions to the low doses prove acceptable, the third group of participants will receive 250 mcg of the vaccine per injection.
since there is no localized treatment of vaccine against corona, it is essential to undergo the above mentioned preventive measures. till then stay safe and healthy.